Cervical Screening Programme
Department of Health
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

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  1. What is human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine?
  2. How effective are HPV vaccines?
  3. How long will HPV vaccines provide protection?
  4. Who should get HPV vaccination?
  5. How are HPV vaccines given?
  6. Are there any side effects from HPV vaccines?
  7. Are HPV vaccines safe for pregnant women?
  8. Do I still need cervical cancer screening after HPV vaccination?
  9. Where can I receive HPV vaccination?
  10. Do I have to pay for HPV vaccination?
  11. What are the details of the Community Care Fund "Free Cervical Cancer Vaccination Pilot Scheme"?


1. What is human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine?

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (also named as cervical cancer vaccine) is a prophylactic vaccine to prevent cervical cancer as well as other HPV-related cancers or diseases. Currently, there are three registered HPV vaccines in Hong Kong, namely 2-valent vaccine, 4-valent vaccine and 9-valent vaccine. All of them are prescription-only medicines, so they should only be used after clinical assessment by registered doctors.

2. How effective are HPV vaccines?

Both the Scientific Committee on Vaccine Preventable Diseases and Scientific Committee and Scientific Committee on AIDS and STI under the Centre for Health Protection recommend that all three registered HPV vaccines could prevent infections from HPV types 16 and 18, which account for about 70% of all cervical cancer. By covering five additional HPV genotypes, i.e. HPV-31, 33, 45, 52, 58, the 9-valent vaccine could prevent up to 90% of cervical cancer.

The attributes and dosing recommendations of the three registered HPV vaccines available in Hong Kong

Vaccines 2-valent 4-valent 9-valent
Against HPV HPV-16,18 HPV-6,11,16,18 HPV-6,11,16,18,31,33,45,52,58
Indicated age From the age of 9 years
(Female only)
From the age of 9 years
(Both female & male)
From the age of 9 years
(Both female & male)
Diseases prevention caused by related HPV
.Cervical cancer Yes Yes Yes
.Genital warts

No Yes Yes
Approved dose regime in Hong Kong

9-14 years old: 2 doses

15 years old and above: 3 doses

9-13 years old: 2 doses

14 years old and above: 3 doses

9 years old and above: 3 doses
(before 31 October 2016)

********

9-14 years old: 2 doses
15 years old and above: 3 doses
(on or after 31 October 2016)

Source: Consensus Statement on the Use of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine in prevention of cervical cancer, CHP (Sep 2016)

3. How long will HPV vaccines provide protection?

Latest research has shown that HPV vaccines offer protection for at least 9 years.

4. Who should get HPV vaccination?

HPV vaccines work best for women who have never been exposed to HPV infection. Therefore, they should work best in women who have not started sexual activities. In women who have had sexual activities, the effectiveness varies. Please consult your doctor for further information.

5. How are HPV vaccines given?

HPV vaccines can either be given as 2-dose or 3-dose schedule according to the age of the individuals. Please consult your doctor for further advice.

6. Are there any side effects from HPV vaccines?

HPV vaccines are generally safe. Common side effects are similar to those from other vaccinations, such as soreness and swelling at the injection site, fever, headache and nausea. The vaccines are not recommended for those who have had allergic reactions to any component of HPV vaccines. If in doubt, please consult your doctor for further advice.

In addition, the Department of Health has pharmacovigilance system in place to keep vigilance on the safety of HPV vaccines.

7. Are HPV vaccines safe for pregnant women?

Because of limited data, HPV vaccines are not recommended for pregnant women. Pregnant women should consult their doctors for any queries.

8. Do I still need cervical cancer screening after HPV vaccination?

Yes, women who have received HPV vaccination still need regular cervical cancer screening because HPV vaccination does not protect against infection by the HPV types that are not found in the vaccines, nor can clear the virus in those who have already been infected.

9. Where can I receive HPV vaccination?

HPV vaccines are prescription drugs and should only be given by locally registered doctors after the individuals have been assessed to be suitable.

For the list of registered doctors in Hong Kong, please browse the website of the Medical Council of Hong Kong.

For practicing addresses of some registered doctors, please browse the following websites of:

10. Do I have to pay for HPV vaccination?

Currently, the Department of Health does not provide any HPV vaccination service or programme. HPV vaccination is provided at one’s own cost.

11. What are the details of the Community Care Fund "Free Cervical Cancer Vaccination Pilot Scheme"?

The Community Care Fund (CCF) launched the "Free Cervical Cancer Vaccination Pilot Scheme" (the Pilot Scheme) on 3 October 2016 to provide free cervical cancer vaccination for teenage girls from eligible low-income families, including

  • Girls aged 9 to 18, who receive Comprehensive Social Security Assistance, and
  • Female students aged 9 or above, who receive full grant under the School Textbook Assistance Scheme.

The Family Planning Association of Hong Kong (FPAHK) has been commissioned as the implementing agent of the Pilot Scheme. Eligible teenage girls may receive free cervical cancer vaccination at the three Youth Health Care Centres (in Wan Chai, Mong Kok and Kwai Fong) of the FPAHK. At their first appointment, applicants must produce the required documents in person in order to process their application at the respective Youth Health Care Centres. Applicants under the age of 18 must be accompanied by a parent or legal guardian at their first appointment.

The Pilot Scheme starts from 3 October 2016 for a duration of three years. Beneficiaries must receive all the necessary doses of vaccine before October 2019. The eligibility, application procedures, publicity video and other details of the Pilot Scheme are available at CCF website (www.communitycarefund.hk) and FPAHK website (www.famplan.org.hk/ccfvaccine).

   
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